Classroom Activity for 5-11
What the Activity is for
Through working with physical loops, the children establish that when an extra bulb is added to a simple electric circuit, the bulb gets dimmer.
When an extra battery is added to a simple electric circuit, the bulb gets brighter; or the buzzer/bell sounds louder; or the motor turns more quickly.
They are then encouraged to think about their observations.
What to Prepare
- Connecting leads
What Happens During this Activity
What happens when bulbs are added?
- The children work in small groups to observe what happens with one, two and possibly three bulbs in a loop.
- Then children are encouraged to talk and think about the electrical loop to describe what they have found with the various electric circuits.
- The children first of all work in pairs to talk through their ideas to explain why the bulbs are dimmer and the current smaller when a second bulb is added. Pairs then report back in during class discussion.
What happens on adding a battery?
- The children work in pairs to explore a circuit containing a bulb and then a circuit with a buzzer/bell/motor with one, two and possibly three batteries (you should check beforehand that the bulbs will survive three batteries) and observe what happens.