Electrical Circuit
Electricity and Magnetism

A summary for a circuit

Physics Narrative for 5-11 Supporting Physics Teaching

A partial model

So, to summarise the main points:

  • In a circuit that has been complete for some time, charges (usually electrons), already everywhere around the circuit, are kept in motion by the battery.
  • In this steady state, the filament of the bulb is glowing as the charges pass through it. The surroundings are illuminated and warm up.
Limit Less Campaign

Support our manifesto for change

The IOP wants to support young people to fulfil their potential by doing physics. Please sign the manifesto today so that we can show our politicians there is widespread support for improving equity and inclusion across the education sector.

Sign today