Students use an ad hoc collection of ideas about materials and their properties when asked to explain everyday thermal phenomena

Energy and Thermal Physics | Properties of Matter


Resources to Address This

  • Examples of change of phase (11-16)

    Ref - Practical Physics; Molecules; Changes of phase: Examples of change of phase

    • Although this activity may seem trivial, many children will not be aware that some metals melt at a relatively low temperature.
    • These experiments demonstrate that the phase of matter depends on temperature. The process of melting and freezing, and evaporation and condensing, should be discussed in terms of the change in structure of the materials as well as change in volume.
    View Resource


  • Lee, C. K. () A Conceptual Change Model for Teaching Heat Energy, Heat Transfer and Insulation. Science Education International, 25, (4)


    Review sheet

  • Paik, S.H., Cho, B.K., Go Y.M. () Korean 4- to 11-Year-Old Student Conceptions of Heat and Temperature, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 44, (2)


    Review sheet

  • Geourgiou, H. and Sharma, M.D. () University students understanding of Thermal Physics in everyday contexts, International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 10,


    Review sheet

  • Kesidou, S. and Duit, R. () Students' Conceptions of the Second Law of Thermodynamics- An Interpretive Study, Journal Of Research In Science Teaching, 30, (1)


    Review sheet

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