Some students think that oxygen and hydrogen condense together to form water droplets

Properties of Matter



  • Tsai, C., () Overcoming Junior High School Students' Misconceptions about Microscopic Views of Phase Change: A Study of an Analogy Activity, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 8 (1), 83-91.

    Small interventions can have significant results in addressing student misconceptions about matter. In this study the use of roleplay and analogy allows students to overcome some inaccurate ideas and retain the knowledge over the long term. Similar activities could be used to help students understand particle behaviour in your lessons.

    Paper digest

  • Osborne, R. and Cosgrove, M., () Children's conceptions of the changes of state of water, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 20 (9), 825-838.

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