Some students may intuitively link vision with brain activity but some may not


Resources to Address This


The following studies have documented this misconception:

  • Grusche, S. () Students’ ideas about prismatic images: teaching experiments for an image-based approach. International Journal of Science Education,

    Review sheet

  • Galili, I. and Lavrik, V. () Flux Concept in Learning about Light: A Critique of the Present Situation. Science Education, 82,


    Review sheet

  • Andersson, B and Kärrqvist, C. How Swedish pupils, aged 12‐15 years, understand light and its properties. European Journal of Science Education, 5 (4),


    DOI: 10.1080/0140528830050403.

    Review sheet

  • Ramadas, J. and Driver, R. () Aspects of secondary students' ideas about light. University of Leeds Centre for Studies in Science & Mathematics Education.

    Review sheet

Limit Less Campaign

Support our manifesto for change

The IOP wants to support young people to fulfil their potential by doing physics. Please sign the manifesto today so that we can show our politicians there is widespread support for improving equity and inclusion across the education sector.

Sign today