Some students confuse the cause and effect of winter by saying that it is cold in the winter because of plants

Earth and Space


Therefore, they wouldn't think that plants change in their behaviours due to the seasons.

Resources to address this

  • Simple variations in temperature on a globe (11-14)

    Here you can show how the top and bottom of a globe are warmed less than the parts facing the source of illumination.

    View Resource


  • Baxter, J., () Children's understanding of familiar astronomical events, International Journal of Science Education, 11 (5) 502-513.

    Paper digest

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