Some students believe that the intensity of sunlight at a place does not change from day to day during the year

Earth and Space

Misconception RESEARCH REVIEW

Sunlight-based explanations for seasons involve sunlight centrally but do not consider the distance of the earth, the tilt, or its orientation. Rather, solar energy is described as being directed or isolated to specific locations.

Resources to address this

  • Explaining the seasons   (11-14)

    Ref - SPT ES04 PN06

    There must be another explanation for the seasonal changes. Here is a loop showing the variation of the solar radiation arriving over a year (repeated a few times, so you can see the pattern).

    The explanation depends on the amount each square metre of Earth is warmed by the Sun; most in the summer, least in the winter.

    View Resource

References

The following studies have documented this misconception:

  • Lee, V. R., () How Different Variants of Orbit Diagrams Influence Student Explanations of the Seasons, Science Education, 94,

    985–1007.

    Review sheet

Limit Less Campaign

Support our manifesto for change

The IOP wants to support young people to fulfil their potential by doing physics. Please sign the manifesto today so that we can show our politicians there is widespread support for improving equity and inclusion across the education sector.

Sign today