Relative positions of astronomical objects
Teaching Guidance for 11-14
Confusing the locations of: Earth and Moon; the planets in our solar system; other stars
Wrong Track: You can see the stars at night and the planets like Jupiter and Saturn are just there with them.
Right Lines: You can often see the planets in the night sky, but these are much closer to us than the stars. For example the Plough constellation (Ursa Major) is about 64–95 light years away (the different stars which make up the Plough are at different distances from the Earth, they just look as though they are in the same plane), while Jupiter is
only about 600 × 106 kilometre away when the Earth and Jupiter are aligned on the same side of the Sun.