Properties of Matter

Pouring particles

Practical Activity for 14-16 PRACTICAL PHYISCS


This compares pouring marbles, peas, sand and water from one container to another.

Apparatus and Materials

  • Perspex containers, 5 or 6, or hard plastic beakers
  • Marbles, dried peas, sand and water

Health & Safety and Technical Notes

Read our standard health & safety guidance

The containers should be large enough to hold marbles or dried peas. They need to be transparent but not glass as the marbles may break them.

One container should be empty, the others three-quarters full.


  1. Pour the marbles into the empty container so that the individual impacts can be clearly heard.
  2. Repeat with the dried peas.
  3. Then try the sand. (Although this is obviously discrete it sounds much more like a continuous fluid.)
  4. Finally pour the water.

Teaching Notes

  • Ask, 'How big are atoms?' Lead students to understand that if atoms were so big they could be easily seen you would certainly notice them and you might even hear them. 'Suppose atoms were as big as these marbles. Listen as they are poured into an empty container.'
  • This experiment gives further evidence for atoms being very small.
  • If alumina powder is available, it is fun to put some in a small milk jug. If some is poured into a tea cup, it can look quite like milk.

This experiment was safety-tested in June 2004

appears in the relation m=ρV
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