Magnetic Field
Electricity and Magnetism

Pooing pooches point polewards

Stories from Physics for 11-14 14-16 IOP RESOURCES

  • Dedicated scientists have observed the body alignment of dogs during defecation (1,893 observations) and urination (5,582 observations) and report that the animals preferred to excrete while aligned in a north-south direction.
  • Meanwhile, using images from Google Earth, a team of researchers has claimed that grazing and resting domestic cattle and red and roe deer tend to align their bodies in a roughly north-south direction. The authors report that the biological significance of the alignment is unknown. The results are controversial and other researchers have argued that there is no evidence that cattle align along magnetic field lines.
  • A number of organisms including honeybees, bacteria, sharks and pigeons are capable of detecting magnetic fields. Three hypotheses exist for the nature of the mechanism that enables animals to detect magnetic fields:
  • a) induction
    b) alterations in chemical reactions due to the magnetic field
    c) effects due to the presence of permanently magnetic materials in animals’ bodies – for example magnetite, Fe3O4 has been found in the bodies of bees, pigeons and other creatures.


Magnetic Field
is used in analyses relating to Solenoid Magnet MRI Scanner Particle Accelerator
can be represented by Field Line
can be determined for a Star
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