Force
Forces and Motion | Electricity and Magnetism

More on magnetic forces and fields

Physics Narrative for 11-14 Supporting Physics Teaching

Action-at-a-distance and fields

You can read more about the way in which physicists think about a force acting without obvious contact.

Magnetism is an example of a non-contact or action-at-a-distance force. These are forces which can act on an object without being in physical contact with it. The force of gravity is another example. Thus, gravity will pull a raindrop down to Earth without any tangible physical link between the Earth and the drop. There are no strings attached (it would probably be easier for us to understand if there were some strings that made it all work).

A magnet will attract a paper clip from a distance of a few centimetres. The attractive force of the magnet on the clip acts at-a-distance. Pupils meeting this idea for the first time will be embarking on one of the great journeys within science – a journey to understand the concept of fields. The field is the means by which these mysterious action-at-a-distance forces act. If the paper clip is located in a magnetic field, a magnetic force will act on it.

The earth is surrounded by an invisible gravitational field. A magnet is surrounded by an invisible magnetic field.

Some words of caution. The attractive force due to gravity and the attractive force due to magnets are two phenomena which share the same paragraphs in this storyline. However, it must be noted that they are not the same thing. It would be potentially very misleading to start explaining the Earth's gravity by suggesting that the Earth acts like a giant magnet, attracting everything to its surface. Avoid such comparisons. Gravitational and magnetic forces are two different phenomena that appear together here because they both act at a distance. Beyond this point the similarity ends.

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