Many students think of temperature as a property of a material (some substances are ‘naturally’ warmer or colder than others)

Energy and Thermal Physics


Resources to Address This

  • Temperature and particles related to energy  (11-14)

    What is the relationship between the amount of energy in the thermal store of a warm object and the temperature of that object? In rather dated and unhelpful terms we might ask, what is the relationship between the heat energy in an object and its temperature?

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  • Schnittka, C. and Bell, R. () Engineering Design and Conceptual Change in Science: Addressing thermal energy and heat transfer in eighth grade. International Journal of Science Education, 33 (13)


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  • Lubben, F., Netshisaulu, T. and Campbell, B. () Students' use of cultural metaphors and their scientific understandings related to heating. Science Education, 83, (6)


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  • Burgoon, J. N., Heddle, M. L. and Duran, E. () Re-Examining the Similarities between Teacher and Student Conceptions about Physical Science. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 22 (2)


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  • Chu, H., Treagust, D. F., Yeo, S. and Zadnik, M. () Evaluation of Students' Understanding of Thermal Concepts in Everyday Contexts. International Journal of Science Education, 34, (10)


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  • Komáromi, A. () Space mishap as a stimulus context for thermal conduction exploration in secondary school. Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

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  • Pathare, S., Huli, S., Nachane, M., Ladage, S. and Pradhan, H. () Understanding thermal equilibrium through activities. Physics Education, 50, (2)


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  • Thomas, M. F., Malaquias, I. M., Valente, M. C. and Antunes, M. J. () An attempt to overcome alternative conceptions related to heat and temperature. Physics Education, 30, (1)


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  • Paik, S.H., Cho, B.K. and Go Y.M. () Korean 4- to 11-Year-Old Student Conceptions of Heat and Temperature. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 44, (2)


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  • Harrison, A. G., Grayson, D. J., and Treagus, D. F. () Investigating a grade 11 student's evolving conceptions of heat and temperature. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 36, (1)


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