Measuring size - Customary Units
Use a inch leader to measure the length of real world objects to the nearest inch and half inch.
You are watching: Another name for the metric system
The metric system is a system of measure up that uses the meter, liter, and gram together base devices of size (distance), capacity (volume), and also weight (mass) respectively.
The given figure shows the plan of the metric units, which are smaller sized or bigger than the base unit.The units to the appropriate of the base unit are smaller sized than the basic unit. As we move to the right, every unit is 10 times smaller or one-tenth the the unit to its left. So, a ‘deci’ method one-tenth of the basic unit, ‘centi’ is one-tenth of ‘deci’ or one-hundredth the the basic unit and ‘milli’ is one-tenth of ‘centi’ or one-thousandth that the base unit.The devices to the left that the base unit space bigger 보다 the base unit. As we relocate to the left, each unit is 10 times greater than the unit to its right. So, a ‘deca’ way ten times of the base unit, ‘hecto’ is ten time of ‘deca’ or hundred times of the base unit and also ‘killo’ is ten time of ‘hecto’ or thousand time of the base unit.
Kilo | Hecto | Deca | Base Unit | Deci | Centi | Milli |
1000 | 100 | 10 | 1 | 1/10 | 1/100 | 1/1000 |
So, the devices for length, load (mass) and capacity(volume) in the metric system are:
Length: Millimeter (mm), Decimeter (dm), Centimeter (cm), Meter (m), and Kilometer (km) are provided to measure exactly how long or wide or tall an object is.
Examples include measuring the thickness or size of debit card, size of cloth, or distance between two cities.
Kilometer (km) | Hectometer (hm) | Decameter (dam) | Meter (m) | Decimeter (dm) | Centimeter (cm) | Millimeter (mm) |
1000 | 100 | 10 | 1 | 1/10 | 1/100 | 1/1000 |
Weight: Gram (g) and also Kilogram(kg) are offered to measure up how heavy an object, using instruments.
Examples incorporate measuring weight of fruit or, our own body weight.
Kilogram (kg) | Hectogram (hg) | Decagram (dag) | Gram (g) | Decigram (dg) | Centigram (cg) | Milligram (mg) |
1000 | 100 | 10 | 1 | 1/10 | 1/100 | 1/1000 |
Capacity: Milliliter (ml) and also Liter (l) are used to measure how much amount of liquid things can hold.
Examples incorporate measuring the amount of juice in a juice can, or lot of water that in a water tank.
Kiloliter (kl) | Hectoliter (hl) | Decaliter (dal) | Liter (l) | Deciliter (dl) | Centiliter (cl) | Milliliter (ml) |
1000 | 100 | 10 | 1 | 1/10 | 1/100 | 1/1000 |
Time:Second is the basic unit because that time. The other metric units of time are:
Metric Conversions:Meters, grams and liters are taken into consideration the base devices of length, weight and also volume, respectively.
Here’s how we have the right to multiply or divide for do metric conversions. To convert a larger unit come the smaller unit, we relocate left to write, us multiple through 10. Moving right to left, from smaller unit to bigger, we divide by 10.
Let united state look at some examples of converting from one unit to another.
Example 1: convert 5 km to m.
As 1 km = 1000 m
Therefore, 5 km = 5 × 1000 = 5000 m
Example 2: transform 250 kg come milligrams.
We know, 1 g = 1000 mg and 1 kg = 1000 g
So, we very first convert the kg to g as:
1 kg = 1000 g
Therefore, 250 kg = 250 × 1000 g = 250,000 g
Now, convert g to mg:
1 g = 1000 mg, therefore: 250,000 g = 250,000 × 1000 mg = 250,000,000 mg
Example 3: convert 250 ml to liters.
1 liter = 1000 ml
Therefore, 450 ml = 450 ÷ 1000 = 0.45 liter
The US typical Units or the Customary System provides customary units.
This mechanism measures:
Length or street in inches, feet, yards, and miles.Capacity or volume in liquid ounces, cups, pints, quarts or gallons.Weight or mass in ounces, pounds and also tons.Fun Facts A tonne is 1,000 kilograms. The metric system has its beginnings earlier 1670 through a mathematician called Gabriel Mouton. Since the 1960s the metric system is dubbed the "International system of Units" or "SI" (from the French "Système International"). The prefixes that the metric system have the right to be remembered making use of the mnemonic “King Henry died of drinking Cold Milk” There are units greater than the kilo as well. These have actually prefix mega, giga and tera. A mega is 1000 times of kilo. A giga is 1000 times of mega and also a tera is 1000 times of a giga. |