Quantisation
Quantum and Nuclear | Light Sound and Waves

Counting droplets

Physics Narrative for 14-16 Supporting Physics Teaching

Droplet by droplet, where droplet size depends on frequency

In lighting, energy arrives tiny shot by tiny shot. Typically the pathway fills a thermal store. Energy can be modelled by an orange fluid, so the thermal store becomes a pot of orange fluid, more or less full.

As the store is filled, think of the inbound fluid not as a steady stream but as rather small droplets.

You might think of the pot representing the store being filled by small but variable measures of orange fluid, rather than as a steady stream.

A set of measuring spoons might be used to add the fluid to the pot, each labelled, from smallest to largest, as red photon, yellow photon, blue photon.

More exactly, you might say, photon causing yellow lighting, but you would not want to make a habit of a mouthful like that so the contraction is probably a good idea; just be aware that it is a contraction.

Suitable ratios follow the frequencies of the photons, as the energy shifted is proportional to the frequency, so you might choose:

Teacher Tip: The ratio of frequencies of red light:green light:violet light is 1:1.5:2 and you can model that by doling out orange fluid with different spons, in fact the ratio is teaspoon:dessertspoon:tablespoon.

Research might even reveal a set of coloured spoons of the correct hues in your local kitchen shop.

Quantisation
is exhibited by Photoelectric Effect
can be explained by the Bohr Model
can be described by the relation E=hf
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